心臟病及保健 Heart Disease And Health http://心臟病.tw www.heartdisease.idv.tw
DIET CONTROL FOR OTHER DISEASES
Andrew Ying-Siu Lee, MD,PhD.
Prefer: lean meat, fish, skim milk and cheese
Avoid: fried food, organ meat, egg yolk, shell fish, desserts
Obesity is due to imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. Therefore the obese should restrict calorie
and fat (=most calorically dense nutrient. 25-30% of total calories). Moreover, low protein (10-20% of total calories),
low carbohydrate (55-60% of total calories), high fiber, vegetables and fruits are recommended. Regular exercise is the
best predictor of substained weight control.
Aging is associated with loss of lean body mass and body fat. Therefore, avoid undernourished and supplement
(4) Renal disease:
Plain diet and avoid spices. Also reduce protein, salt, water and fat intake. Supplement vitamins/minerals.
(5) Gastrointestinal disease:
High fiber diet and avoid spices, acidic food (eg. citrus, tomato), alcohol and caffeine.
(6) Liver disease:
Avoid protein and energy malnutrition. Salt and water restriction if ascite. Supplement vitamins and minerals.
(7) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease:
Diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish is recommended. Supplement vitamins and minerals.
(8) Stroke and peripheral vascular disease:
same as "diet control for cardiac patients"
low fat diet, fruits and vegetables
(10) Immunnological disease:
Adequate intake of protein, fruits, vegetables, vitamins and minerals.